Diabetes: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a user health condition that happens when your body is unable to produce or use insulin, thereby producing very high glucose (Blood sugar). It occurs when your body isn’t responding to the effects of insulin properly, or your pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or any at all. 

A hormone called insulin helps in transporting the converted glucose or sugar by your body from the food substance into energy by sending a message to the cells to take in the glucose. 

If the body is deficient in the production of insulin or produces little, the blood tends to retain more sugar. Although Diabetes affects people of all ages, there are, however, differences in glucose levels in individuals. The glucose levels are higher than normal for diabetes patients.

There are two types of Diabetes: Type 1, Prediabetes, Gestational Diabetes, type 2, and Type 3c diabetes.

Some forms of Diabetes are manageable with prescribed medications, and others are chronic or lifelong.

How common is Diabetes?

Based on a research study, About 537 million adults across the world have Diabetes. Over 37.3 million people in the US have Diabetes. Type 2 is the most common one, having about 91% to 97% of diabetes cases. Experts say this number will increase by 2030, with over 640 million cases and 780 million cases by 2045.

What causes Diabetes? Are any symptoms involved?

Yeah! There are symptoms of Diabetes.

What are the symptoms of Diabetes?

Blurred vision.

Numbness or tingling in your hands or feet.

Increased thirst (polydipsia) and dry mouth.

Frequent urination.


Unexplained weight loss.

Frequent skin and vaginal yeast infections.

Slow-healing sores or cuts.

What causes Diabetes? 

There are various causes of Diabetes. However, the following are some highlighted triggers to be on the lookout for;

Lifestyles, genetics, and environment can trigger or cause Diabetes.

Not exercising enough, eating unhealthy diets, obesity, or being overweight can help sprout or develop Diabetes, especially type 2 (diabetes).

Insulin resistance: It happens when the cells in your fat, liver, and muscles don’t respond properly to insulin. Although there are varying conditions that contribute to insulin resistance, medications, hormonal imbalances, diets, obesity, and genetics are major factors.

Genetic mutations: Genetic mutations can cause neo-natal or mody Diabetes.

Pancreatic damage:  The pancreas can be damaged, causing the inability to produce insulin; cases like injury or surgery can result in type 3 diabetes.

Long-term diabetes complications include the following;

When the Blood sugar levels remain constantly high, it can lead to the damage of tissues in the body system. Especially the nerves and blood vessels supporting your body tissues. This can lead to the severe form, which is Acute complication.

Acute diabetes complications can be life-threatening and include the following;

Severe low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)

Diabetes-related ketoacidosis (DKA)

Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS)

Heart attack


Diabetes: What It Is, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment & Types. 


Coronary artery disease

Sexual dysfunction due to nerve and blood vessel damage, such as erectile dysfunction or vaginal dryness.

Hearing loss.


Nephropathy can lead to kidney failure or the need for dialysis or transplant.

Retinopathy, which can lead to blindness.

Diabetes-related foot conditions.

Skin infections.


Nerve damage (neuropathy), which can induce numbness, tingling, and pain.

How can I prevent Diabetes?

Although it’s quite impossible to prevent genetic or autoimmune Diabetes, there are steps you can take to lower the risk of having gestational Diabetes, diabetes/prediabetes type 2.

Here are some ways to prevent Diabetes; 

Quit smoking

Limit or stop alcohol intake

achieve a very healthy weight that works for your body

Eat a healthy diet

Take medications as given by your healthcare provider

Here’s a quick take: it might be important to note that there are some risk factors like family history, genetics, race, or age you can’t change. It’s important to envisage a type 2 condition that’s complex and involves many contributing factors that would involve seeing your healthcare provider regularly.


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